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Tuesday, February 23, 2010

A Little Movie with a Big Idea! - Eat That Frog

Date: Mon, 22 Feb 2010 10:21:42 -0800
Subject:
A Little Movie with a Big Idea!


Dear EC,

"Procrastination is attitude's natural assassin. There is nothing so fatiguing as an uncompleted task."


William James, one of the founders of modern psychology, spoke those words. And how true they are!

A few years ago, I heard a tip about procrastination that I never forgot. For me, it truly was an "a-ha moment!"

Well, here it is...with a warning: Once you see this 2 minute movie, it'll be hard to forget!

However, don't forget to forward this email to friends, family and co-workers. They will thank you for doing it!

Just click here to watch.

Live with Passion,
Mac Anderson

Mac Anderson
Founder, Simple Truths

Simple Truths, LLC.,
1952 McDowell Road, Ste. 205,
Naperville, IL 60563, USA
Phone: 800-900-3427 / 630-946-1460




Friday, February 19, 2010

One space between sentences

http://www.typographyforlawyers.com/?p=12

Some lessons on this website will involve discretionary choices. This one is mandatory.

You must always put exactly one space between sentences.

I understand that many people were taught early in life to double-space their sentences. I was too. But double-spacing is a habit held over from the typewriter age. It has never been part of standard typography. Because typewriter fonts were unusually proportioned, a double space helped set off sentences better. Today, since we don't use typewriter fonts, double spaces aren't necessary or desirable.


Let's see that paragraph again, but with double spaces:

I understand that many people were taught early in life to double-space their sentences.   I was too.   But double-spacing is a habit held over from the typewriter age.   It has never been part of standard typography.   Because typewriter fonts were unusually proportioned, a double space helped set off sentences better.   Today, since we don't use typewriter fonts, double spaces aren't necessary or desirable.


Do you see the problem? The extra spaces between sentences disrupt the overall balance of white space in the paragraph.


I understand that many people were taught early in life to double-space their sentences.   I was too.   But double-spacing is a habit held over from the typewriter age.   It has never been part of standard typography.   Because typewriter fonts were unusually proportioned, a double space helped set off sentences better.   Today, since we don't use typewriter fonts, double spaces aren't necessary or desirable.


And one more time, in a typewriter font, the one case where double-spacing is tolerable:

I understand that many people were taught early in life to double-space their sentences.  I was too.  But double-spacing is a habit held over from the typewriter age.  It has never been part of standard typography.  Because typewriter fonts were unusually proportioned, a double space helped set off sentences better.  Today, since we don't use typewriter fonts, double spaces aren't necessary or desirable.


This is a rule that many nonprofessional writers resist. I'm not clear why that is. But you don't have to take my word for it—pick up any newspaper, book or magazine and tell me how many spaces there are between sentences.

Correct—one.


Use One Space Between Sentences -Desktop Publishing Rules on Spacing After Punctuation

monospaced proportionally spaced fonts

Monospaced fonts take up more space, need more space at sentence ends.


monospaced type one space two spaces
Two and one spaces after punctuation in monospaced type.

one space two space proportional type
Proportional spaced type with two spaces and one space after punctuation.
Should you put one space or two spaces after a period? The debate over how much space to put between sentences (whether they end with a period or other punctuation) may seem petty, but often it's the little details that make or break a design.
Speaking of little details, despite what some readers may believe, period is the proper term for that little dot at the end of sentence in American English. In some parts of the world it is, however, known as a full stop: Read A Period By Any Other Name...

It is generally accepted that the practice of putting two spaces at the end of a sentence is a carryover from the days of typewriters with monospaced typefaces. Two spaces, it was believed, made it easier to see where one sentence ended and the next began. Most typeset text, both before and after the typewriter, used a single space.

"The only time more than 1 space was used in a line of type was when we had to justify the line to the full margins."
Madisonhank, describing typesetting before digital type

Today, with the prevalence of proportionally spaced fonts, some believe that the practice is no longer necessary and even detrimental to the appearance of text.

With monospaced typefaces every character takes up the same amount of space on the page. M uses the same amount of space as i. With proportionally spaced fonts, the characters take up an amount of space relative to their actual width - the i needs less space than the M. (as illustrated by the graphic in the sidebar)

"Right and wrong do not exist in graphic design. There is only effective and non-effective communication."
Peter Bilak - Illegibility

The use of proportionally spaced type makes two spaces at the end of a sentence unnecessary (if they ever were). The extra spacing is often distracting and unattractive. It creates 'holes' in the middle of a block of text — trapped white space on a smaller scale.

View the supporting illustrations for spacing after punctuation for a comparison of type set in proportionally-spaced and monospaced with one space and two spaces. (A smaller version of these images can be found by viewing the mini-gallery at the top of the sidebar in this article.)

Change can be painful

"The double space after period has been drilled into me so strongly that I don't know if I can ever break the habit."
— Tina
"I can't get used to single spaces after periods. Even in proportional-spaced type it looks crowded to me."
— Ted

Exceptions to every rule

"Items (term papers, E-Mails, reports, book manuscripts, magazine articles, business proposals, etc.,) printed in monospaced characters require two spaces and have a lot of other stylistic rules designed to enhance readability. Proportional spaced characters don't benefit from most of those rules."
— Mars_red
"To my mind, a million books and magazines single spaced also qualify as a resource. I once heard an instructor arguing for two spaces in typeset text, completely oblivious to the single-spaced mountain of material that he reads every day. When this was pointed out to him, he quietly dropped his argument. He'd for years been blind to the type that he actually reads."
— John McWade

The Bottomline: Professional typesetters, designers, and desktop publishers should use one space only. Save the double spaces for typewriting, email, term papers (if prescribed by the style guide you are using), or personal correspondence. For everyone else, do whatever makes you feel good.